The 2021 Afrobarometer report revealed that Cameroon still has “work to do in terms of equality of citizens and non-discrimination of populations based on their identity.” The document reported that 39% of Cameroonians say they have sometimes been treated unfairly by the government based on their ethnicity, 15% say they have often been treated unfairly and 10% say they have always been treated unfairly. However, 35% of the population has never felt that they were treated unfairly.
Also, more than one in two Cameroonians (52%) say they have been treated unfairly by their fellow citizens due to their economic status at least once in the year preceding the survey. Nearly one in two (46%) say they have been treated unfairly due to their ethnicity, and one in three (34%) due to their religion.
Afrobarometer is a pan-African, nonpartisan survey research network that produces reliable data on Africans' experiences and assessments of democracy, governance, and quality of life. Between 1999 and 2018, the network has conducted seven rounds of surveys in at least 38 countries. Round 8 was conducted between 2019 and 2021 in 34 countries.
The Afrobarometer team in Cameroon interviewed 1,200 Cameroonian adults in February-March 2021. "A sample of this size produces national results with margins of error of +/-3 percentage points at a 95% confidence level," the report said. Previously, the network conducted surveys in Cameroon in 2013, 2015, and 2018.