"The recent UN Security Council meeting ended with Russia and China again vetoing any military intervention in Cameroon, while Britain, France, and America voted in favor of military intervention.” This was the content of a screenshot that has been circulating on social media the past few days.
The message claims that a meeting of the UN Security Council was held in December 2020 to discuss military intervention in Cameroon because of the security crisis in the North-West and South-West Regions. According to the rumor, the UN wanted to strike Cameroon because of the alleged army exactions against civilians in the said regions. However, this is fake information.
Indeed, on the UN’s official website, we notice that two resolutions were adopted by the Security Council this month. The first resolution was adopted on December 3. Named "Resolution 2553 (2020)," it is a request for the UN secretary-general to prepare a report on his efforts “to strengthen the United Nations’ comprehensive approach to security sector reform (…) to inform the Security Council’s deliberation on this matter.”
The said resolution commits the UN Secretary-General to continue to promote cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union, per the United Nations-African Union Joint Framework for an Enhanced Partnership on Peace and Security (2017), the African Union-United Nations Framework for the Implementation of Agenda 2063 and the Programme for Sustainable Development to 2030 (2018).
The second resolution was adopted on December 4. Entitled "Resolution 2554 (2020)," it reaffirms the commitment of the United Nations to the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence, and unity of Somalia, including Somalia's sovereign rights over the natural resources off its coast, including fisheries, by international law. The resolution also notes the decrease in insecurity in the country.
This month of December 2020, the Security Council met regularly to discuss various subjects (Central Africa, South Africa, Somalia, Libya, Sudan, the security situation in Central Africa, the coronavirus pandemic) without necessarily adopting resolutions. But it never discussed a military intervention in Cameroon as it can be checked here.
Let’s note that in diplomatic circles in Yaoundé, various credible sources also believe the said screenshot to be "Fake News."