In its annual review of road projects, the Ministry of Public Works (MINTP) reveals that one of the difficulties encountered on the Mora-Dabanga-Kousseri road rehabilitation site is the security expenses bill for military personnel to secure the work. This 235 km-long stretch of Major National Highway 1 shares connections to the border with Nigeria where Boko Haram insurgents come from to attack Cameroon. This poses a security challenge for the project. "Given the precarious security situation in the project area, the deployment of companies on the sections is conditioned on the implementation of a security system. Although this system is effective, its operation requires the regular mobilization of financial resources, which have been estimated at XAF46 million monthly," explains the MINTP.
The security bill is owed to the Maroua-headquartered command of the 4th joint military region.
In May 2014, in Waza, Boko Haram insurgents attacked one of the bases of the Chinese company contracted to rehabilitate the road. During the attack, a soldier was killed and ten Chinese employees were abducted. They were released seven months later but, for security reasons, the Chinese company withdrew from the project, which was entrusted for a time to Military engineers.
The government is keen to complete the rehabilitation of this road, which is a strategic economic infrastructure since it connects Cameroon, Nigeria, and Chad. However, the security challenge is not the only obstacle to completing the work. The MINTP also notes the financial challenges caused by the failure to pay contractors and the Public Investment Budget’s cumbersome and lengthy payment procedures. Another challenge is "the heavy traffic of excessively loaded large goods vehicles [which] is a handicap to gradual rehabilitation".